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College of Arts & Sciences
Department of Biological Sciences

Faculty & Staff Directory

James Pinckney

Director, Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences
Department of Biology
University of South Carolina

Office: EWS 609
Phone Number: 803-777-5288

Marine ecology, Benthic microbial processes, Phytoplankton ecology.

 Estuarine and coastal studies form the core of research activities performed by Dr. Pinckney. General areas of interest include marine ecology, microbial ecology, microalgal ecophysiology, phytoplankton-nutrient interactions, harmful algal blooms, and ecosystem eutrophication in estuarine and coastal habitats. Specific interests are centered around the ecophysiological factors and processes that influence carbon partitioning, allocation (growth), and interspecific competition in multispecies assemblages. Most of Dr. Pinckney's work over the past 20 years has emphasized investigations of the ecophysiology of benthic and phytoplanktonic communities and their contribution to ecosystem function. Analytical approaches involve manipulative field and laboratory experiments for examining the ecological physiology and responses of microalgal communities. Current research is being conducted in local estuarine, riverine, and intertidal habitats, as well as in pelagic systems in the Gulf of Mexico and hypersaline lagoons in the Bahamas.

Recent Publications
     *  indicates student author
Pinckney, J.L., A. Quigg, D. Roelke. 2017. Interannual and seasonal patterns of estuarine phytoplankton diversity in Galveston Bay, Texas, USA. Estuaries and Coasts 40:310-316. (DOI 10.1007/s12237-016-0135-8).

*Kline, A., J.L. Pinckney. 2016. Size-selective toxicity effects of the antimicrobial tylosin on estuarine phytoplankton communities. Environmental Pollution 216:806-810.

Pinckney, J.L., T.L. Richardson. 2016. Phytoplankton diversity in the oligotrophic northwestern Sargasso Sea. Pgs. 239-250.  In: P. Glibert & T. Kana (eds.). Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective, Springer.

*Reed, M.L., J.L. Pinckney, C.J. Keppler, L.M. Brock, S.B. Hogan, D.I. Greenfield. 2016. The influence of nitrogen and phosphorus on phytoplankton growth and assemblage composition in four coastal, southeastern USA systems. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 177:71-82.

Dash, P., J.O. Ikenga, S. Silwal, J.L. Pinckney, Z. Arslan, R.E. Lizotte. 2015. Water quality of four major lakes in Mississippi, USA: Impacts on human and aquatic ecosystem health. Water 7:4999-5030.

*Gordon A., T. Richardson, J.L. Pinckney. 2015. Ecotoxicology of bromoacetic acid on estuarine phytoplankton. Environmental Pollution 206:369-375.

*Dorado, S., *T. Booe, *J. Steichen, *A. McInnes, *R. Windham, *A. Shepard, *A.E.B. Lucchese, *H. Preischel, J.L. Pinckney, S.E. Davis, D.L. Roelke, A. Quigg.  2015. Towards understanding of the interactions between freshwater inflows and phytoplankton communities in subtropical estuaries. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0130931. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0130931.

Pinckney, J.L., C.R. Benitez-Nelson, R.C. Thunell, F. Muller-Karger, L. Troccoli, R. Varela. 2015. Phytoplankton community structure and depth distribution changes in the Cariaco Basin between 1996 and 2010. Deep-Sea Research I  101:27-37.