North Inlet Microbial Observatory
CHARLES R. LOVELL
Professor of Biological Sciences
Ph.D., 1984, Purdue University
Molecular Microbial Ecology; Population and Community Dynamics of Microorganisms; Interactions Between Bacteria and Higher Organisms; Physiology and Ecology of Anaerobic Bacteria
I am a microbial ecologist. My research addresses the responses of natural bacterial communities to physical, chemical, and biological environmental variables. My group examines the relationship between microbial diversity and ecological function, and seeks to answer a number of specific questions at the level of ecophysiology, population dynamics and community ecology. To facilitate this work we focus on specific groups of bacteria that directly contribute to a particular function, such as the diazotrophic bacteria, the sulfate reducing bacteria, and the acetogenic bacteria. Pathogenesis is another ecological function of interest and current research examines pathogenesis of marine Vibrio species and the specific virulence mechanisms employed by Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
Questions addressed in my research:
What is(are) the relationship(s) between microbial diversity and ecological function?
Are species richness and evenness of microbial communities in structured environments governed more by negative interactions of organisms or by positive interactions?
What is the role of refugia in development of large populations of bacterial species?
How do mechanisms contributing to pathogenesis evolve in natural bacterial populations?
Selected publications (of 87 peer reviewed papers and chapters, 64 published abstracts):
Gabriel, M.W., G.Y. Matsui, R. Friedman, and C.R. Lovell. 2014. Optimization of multilocus
sequence analysis for identification of species in the genus Vibrio. Applied and
Environmental Microbiology. In press.
Klein, S., C.K. Gutierrez West, D. Mejia and C.R. Lovell. 2014. Genes similar to the Vibrio
parahaemolyticus virulence-related genes tdh, trh, tlh, and vscC2 occur in other
Vibrionaceae species isolated from a pristine estuary. Applied and Environmental
Gutierrez West, C.K., S.L. Kline and C.R. Lovell. 2013. The virulence factor genes tdh, trh and
tlh occur at high frequency in Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from a pristine estuary.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79:2247-2252.
Pinckney, J., I. Hagenbuch, R. Long, C.R. Lovell. 2013. Sublethal effects of the antibiotic
tylosin on estuarine benthic microalgal communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin 68:8-12.
Lovell, C.R., and D.A. Davis. 2012. Specificity of salt marsh diazotrophs for vegetation zones
and plant hosts: Results from a North American marsh. Frontiers in Microbiology. 3:1-
15. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00084
Gamble, M.D., and C.R. Lovell. 2011. Infaunal burrows are enrichment zones for Vibrio
parahaemolyticus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77:3703-3714.
Matsui, G.Y., N. Volkenborn, L. Polerecky, D.S. Wethey, C.R. Lovell, S.A. Woodin. 2011.
Controlled induction of bidirectional porewater advection in aquatic sediments by a
biomimetic Robolug. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 9:84-96.
Davis, D., M.D. Gamble, C.E. Bagwell, P.W. Bergholz, and C.R. Lovell. 2011. Responses of
saltmarsh grass rhizosphere diazotroph assemblages to changes in marsh elevation,
edaphic conditions and plant host species. Microbial Ecology 61:386-398.
Cramer, M.J., N. Haghshenas, G.Y. Matsui and C.R. Lovell. 2011. Celerinatantimonas
diazotrophicus, gen. nov., spec. nov., a nitrogen fixing bacterium representing a new
Family in the Gammaproteobacteria. International Journal of Systematic and
Evolutionary Microbiology 61:1053-1060.
Gamble, M.D., C.E. Bagwell, J. LaRocque, P.W. Bergholz, and C.R. Lovell. 2010. Seasonal
variability of diazotroph assemblages associated with the rhizosphere of the salt marsh
cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. Microbial Ecology 59:253-269.